The Viking Age was a period of history that began around the 8th century and lasted until the 11th century. It was a time of great exploration, expansion, and innovation for the Vikings, who were known for their seafaring abilities, military prowess, and cultural achievements.
Origins of the Viking Age The Viking Age is believed to have started with the raid on Lindisfarne in 793 AD, when Vikings from Norway attacked the monastery and pillaged its treasures. This event marked the beginning of a period of intense raiding and trading that eventually led to the settlement of Iceland, Greenland, and Vinland (North America).
Viking Society and Culture Viking society was divided into classes, with the Jarls (nobles) at the top, followed by the Karls (freemen), and then the Thralls (slaves). The Vikings were a fiercely independent people who placed great importance on honor, loyalty, and courage. They were also known for their mythology, which included gods like Odin, Thor, and Loki.
Viking Achievements The Vikings were master shipbuilders and navigators, using their ships to explore and colonize new lands. They also established trade routes throughout Europe, bringing back exotic goods like spices, silks, and precious metals. The Vikings were also skilled metalworkers, producing intricate jewelry, weapons, and other objects from bronze, silver, and gold.
End of the Viking Age The Viking Age came to an end with the Christianization of Scandinavia and the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. However, the Vikings left a lasting impact on the world, with their influence felt in everything from language to art to politics.
In conclusion, the Viking Age was a time of great achievement and innovation, with the Vikings leaving their mark on history in many ways. From their seafaring abilities to their cultural achievements, the Vikings continue to captivate our imaginations today.
- The Viking Age: A Time of Exploration, Expansion, and Innovation by The Viking Ship Museum
- The Vikings by Neil Price
- Viking Age by National Museum of Denmark
- The Viking Age by Lars Magnar Enoksen